1880-1915. The Height of the Resurgence: A Star on the Forehead

The year 1880 is a milestone of Galician literary renaissance, as it was in this year that two master works appeared: one of the them is the pinnacle of Galician poetry (Follas novas by Rosalía de Castro) while the other enjoyed extraordinary public acclaim (Aires da miña terra by M. Curros Enríquez). Poetic development of the language gained maturity and variety, ranging from intimate and metaphysical poetry to folklore and circumstantial poetry, and further to civic string and epic verse. The first tentative steps in narrative prose (Maxina ou a filla espúrea, 1880) and dramatic literature (A fonte do xuramento, 1882) were taken at the same time. In-depth studies into the language (Diccionario gallego-castellano, by Marcial Valladares, 1884) and in the compilation of popular literature (Cancionero popular gallego, by J. Pérez Ballesteros, 1885-86) were also gradually undertaken. The ‘Biblioteca Gallega’ (1885-99), with its 52 volumes is a landmark to dissemination of Galician literature. The creation of the Real Academia Galega (the Royal Galician Academy - 1906) through the initiative of a group of emigrants in Cuba, is another landmark in the institutionalization of the Galician language and culture.