1916-1950. The “Xeración Nós”: The Transparent Ray

The creation of the Irmandades da Fala (Brotherhood of the Galician Tongue - 1916), a network of politico-cultural groups, whose aim was the dissemination and intensive use of Galician, opened up a crucial period in the demand for language rights and cultivation of the language, because it was a vital impulse towards dignifying and modernizing the language. The regular use of Galician was initiated in narrative prose (stories and novels), in non-fictional prose (articles, essays, didactic and informative texts) and in public speech and formal discourse. In as far as authors are concerned; figures such as V. Risco (1884-1963), R. Otero Pedrayo (1888-1976) and above all A. Rodríguez Castelao (1886-1950) stand out. With regards to cultural dissemination, newspapers such as A Nosa Terra (1917-36), magazines such as Nós (1920-23, 1925-35) and initiatives such as the Lar collection (1924-28) and the Nós editorial (1927-36) stand out. The role of the Seminario de Estudios Galegos (1923-36) must also be highlighted here, both for its scholarly and cultural pursuits, as well as for its cultivation of Galician. Thanks to the effort of the Partido Galeguista (Galicianist Party, founded in 1931) and the republican groups, the project of the Galician Statute of Autonomy was drawn up and this granted co-official status to the Galician language. The military uprising in 1936, the subsequent Civil War (1936-39) and the dictatorship of General Franco all stifled this movement with blood and iron, although it would continue in exile in the Americas, especially in Buenos Aires, where, in 1944, the emblematic work of this period was born: Sempre en Galiza by A. R. Castelao.