The Languages of the Iberian Peninsula

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Linguistic reality is rich and plural in Spain. There are three other languages, besides Castilian (the official language in the whole of the national territory), which have co-official status in the autonomous regions where they are spoken. This is the case with Basque, Catalan and Galician. To these, we should add other languages that have a lesser legal protection, such as Asturian, Aragonese and Aranese. Furthermore, Catalan is also spoken in the Balearic Islands, and in Valencia, although it is called “Valencian” there. Portuguese, a close relative of Galician, is spoken in Portugal and also in some places in Extremadura and Castile. The varieties of Mirandés and Barranqueño are spoken in Portugal.